Water conservation

India: Government efforts turn water conservation into a mass movement

Resonating with the idea of ​​’Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’ — the world as one family, India has remained at the forefront of many global initiatives and the government led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi is making renewed efforts to water conservation, making it a mass movement of its own. The government under Prime Minister Modi has taken many steps to create a focused ministry of water resources to implement a holistic approach to conservation. With renewed emphasis from this government, the issue has received a boost in the arm with the boost to the cause over the past few years.

Apart from the river interconnection projects, the government has supported an innovative approach to the projects with the ‘Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana’, ‘Per Drop More Crop’, ‘Namami Ganga and Jal Jeevan Mission’. With the launch of the Jal Jeevan mission in 2019, around 90 million households have been provided with similar water connections at a rapid pace in the past two years alone, Oman Observer reported. At this point, about 125,000 villages in 100 districts can boast of having adequate infrastructure to have enabled water supply to every household. Therefore, it can be said with confidence that India has been able to manage the difficult balancing act of meeting the expectations and well-being of over a billion lives while ensuring ecological progress.

An interesting initiative to help with this conservation has been the recently launched “Catch the Rain” campaign. Simply put forward to prepare public awareness programs and special action plans for the conservation of rainwater in the country, the focus is on ensuring arrangements for rainwater harvesting before the start of the monsoon. Planting trees, cleaning, building puddles and other awareness campaigns are carried out as part of this campaign to create its own mass movement.

Efforts have been made to make appropriate and wise use of water through dam safety rehabilitation programs. With around 5,000 dams in India, these infrastructural tools have the potential to play significant economic, political, geographical and social roles in the region. However, due to the lack of regular maintenance so far, water has been wasted/misused, lives and property have been threatened, crops have been damaged and villages have been flooded. In this spirit, a Dam Safety Bill has also received the Indian Parliament’s stamp of approval to ensure that necessary safety measures are taken with better use of water resources.

There are many technological advancements in the field of water conservation. It is important to note the peculiarity of the fact that water bodies are often frozen in areas with freezing temperatures. This forces people to dig ice and drink it after it melts. However, the use of high-density polyethylene (HDPE) pipes instead of normal GI pipes has ensured a constant water supply chain to homes, schools and Anganwadis, Oman Observer reported. Not only is the issue of water conservation solved by the use of water that would otherwise have been wasted, but these technological advances also ensure water quality safety with the deployment of test kits on the ground. (ANI)

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